19 Feb Research – On 1500m and Percentage of Maximum Heart Rate
Picture 1 – There different levels of fat burning, aerobic, and anaerobic intensities.
In Loughborough University of Technology, I was given an option to do research, that is, if we want to do as a partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Physical Education and Sport Science. My friend, Raihan, and I went to see Dave Williams and he suggested a topic on Heart Rate to us. As my friend was not interested in Heart Rate, I decided to take it. Another colleague of mine, by the name of Gordon Reid, a Scottish by origin, and Loughborough University Athletics captain, did the project with me. However, Gordon Reid’s research has got to do with % VO2max.
My research was on comparison of percentage heart rate between trained and untrained runners in 1500m. While I was doing a test on 29 subjects, at the same time, I started doing my study for the research. I found that Heart Rate research was very rare, and wanted to back out of my research and change to another topic. The research notes given to me was on Gerontology by Dave Williams, and I did not know how it could help. Later on, I put some extra effort to find some notes and there were abundant research but it was not on performance but was on health and fitness by American College of Sports Science.
I would like to share an Abstract of my research done in Loughborough University so that in another blog post, I shall do a discussion on it.
Abstract of My Research (1993)
The purpose of this study was to make comparisons between trained male runners, who are club athletes, and untrained male and female individuals to see whether there are significant differences in % HR max during subsequent stages and at the finish of a 1500m performance run of twenty-nine subjects (21males, 8 females) participated in this study.
Thirteen of them were trained individuals, consisting of club athletes, and the other sixteen were untrained counterparts. Twenty-four subjects were able to complete both 1500m performance run on the track as well as on the treadmill.
Field and laboratory measurements were made for oxygen consumption and heart rate during 1500m treadmill run and VO2 max test. During the 1500m treadmill run, there were no significant differences between the trained and the untrained in their %HRmax and %VO2utilised. However, significant differences (p<0.01) were found between the trained and untrained individuals in time taken to complete the run. Moreover, the time of the performance run by the trained male and untrained male individuals were significantly faster (p<0.01) than the untrained female subjects. Although, the trained runners were running faster than their untrained counterparts, the data from this study suggests that a 1500m run imposed a cardio-respiratory stress which was similar when the athletes and non – athletes were compared.
At every stage of the run, it was found that %HR was always higher than %VO2 utilised. Furthermore, at all running speeds above 90%VO2 max, the faster runners were able to consume more oxygen of their absolute VO2max value as compared to the untrained groups. there was also a negative correlation between VO2 max (ml.kg.min) and performance time in the 1500m race was r =-0.934. However, the relationship between HRmax and 1500m performance time showed poor correlations.
The findings suggest that there were no significant differences between the trained and the untrained individuals in percentage HR max during a 1500m performance run. This relationship holds regardless of sex or whether the individual is trained untrained. Furthermore, this study revealed that successful distance running is dependent on a highly developed aerobic capacity and the ability to employ a large fraction of that capacity.
Key words : Trained male runner versus untrained female and male individuals, VO2max and %HR max , %VO2 max and 1500m run.
Edited by Tan Mariviv